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Northern Inner Mongolian Wolves

2013 年 1 月 3 日 木曜日

(By Naoki Maruyama)

Northern Inner Mongolian Wolves are Protected even in Severe Winter!
Wolf information from the northern Inner Mongolia:
Dr. Rinho Chang sent information on the status of wolves in the Hulunbeir grassland,
northern Inner Mongolia. This winter is colder than the usual, -25-30℃ every night and day in the air temperature. It looks like hard in condition also for wolves to find wild preys such as roe deer and Mongolian gazelle, so that they apt to depredate sheep. However, nomadic people are strictly prohibited to kill the nuisance animals now, because the wolf is designated as the national second-ranked protected animal species. Therefore, the grassland people should make various devices of guarding their livestock without killing from the depredation.

The wolf pack bronz statue of Hurunbeir Hotel, northern Inner Mongolia.

The wolf pack bronz statue of Hurunbeir Hotel, northern Inner Mongolia.

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Decline of Gray Woles in Northern Mongolia

2012 年 12 月 7 日 金曜日

(By Naoki Maruyama)

This report is on an ecological situation of Hulunbeir grassland and the
Daxingangling mountains, Inner Mongolia in the later half of the 1990s. This
area with wolves, comparatively near to Japan, attracted a strong concern of
the Japan Wolf Association with the plan of “restoration wolves into Japan”.
Wolves in this area is regarded to be important for a mother population which
supplies the individuals for reintroduction into Japan. The grasslands and
mountains have been overexploited mainly by heavily stocking and stockmen
tended to hate wolves and to easily kill them. As well the Mongolian gazelles
and deer like roe deer and red deer of main wolves’ prey were illegally
harvested for selling in markets. Thus, the principal  predator-prey system of
the grassland were almost destroyed. However, fortunately, in 1998 a China’s
wildlife policy was drastically changed to protection, since then wolves with their
prey wildlife became protected and are increasing in number and distribution.
However, unfortunate, unfavorable incident has occurred and increased;
because wolves have been increasing depredation of livestock like sheep and
cattle. This has caused stockmen’s hate against wolves. This is new problem of
conservation on the predator-prey system in this area.

The full text of the report is here:  mongolian_wolves_r

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Mongolian wolvevs are in danger of eradication!!

2012 年 9 月 24 日 月曜日

Mongolian NGO, Nomadic Nature Conservation gave us this information about their wolf situation.

 

Nomadic Nature Conservation

www.nnc-mongolia.org

 

Global status: Least Concern
Regional status: Near Threatened

 
Rational for assessment:
In 1980 the Mongolian population was estimated at 30.000 individuals by the Mongolian Academy of Sciences. More recent estimates vary greatly, with the most recent figures indicating that there may be fewer than 10.000 individuals remaining in Mongolia (Mech and Boitani, 2004). However, there is great uncertainly associate with these estimates and more extensive surveys are needed to gain insight into the current population size. No population studies have ever been conducted to determine wolf population densities, distribution, pack size, or range.
The number of gray wolf in Mongolia is declining, but the rate of decline is difficult to determine. Main causes of wolf decline are exploitation, illegal hunting and trade, forest and steppe fire etc.
It is therefore listed as Near Threatened, but further surveys may reveal that it should be listed as Vulnerable or even Endangered under Criterion.
Legal Status: Listed   CITES Appendix II, with an export quota of 150 skins and skulls in 2005 (UNEP-WCMC, 2006). There are no laws to protect this species from households or industrial hunting, no closed seasons and no quota limits. Approximately 13% of the species range occurs within protected areas, however, wolf protection within protected areas is rarely enforced, and exceptions are made in some areas to protect rare wildlife and livestock. Since, 2007 wolf hunting and catching are prohibited in Eastern Steppe region of Mongolia.

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